Surrogacy in Russia

Gestational surrogacy in Russia

Surrogate mother in Russia

Surrogacy in Russia


Currently, Russian legislation on surrogacy is under change, having the Parliament presented a bill that aims to prevent foreign citizens from carrying out surrogacy processes. Married heterosexual couples will also be restricted. The information contained in this page is still valid, since the law has not been approved, but it is very likely that it will change shortly, making it a destination that we do not currently recommend.


Surrogacy programs in Russia have been affected by two important events, which have caused significant delays in the achievement of programs for parents who are undergoing a process in Russia:

a) RUSSIA closed its borders due to the pandemic of the COVID-19 from March 2020, until September 24, 2021, preventing its citizens from leaving the country. This made it impossible for surrogate to travel to the clinic. Despite the fact that officially, since September 24, new flights have been opened, they are only for business trips (for Russian citizens), which must be documented. Therefore, normality has not yet been re-established.

b) Last July (2021), the government presented a bill, which aims to prevent surrogacy to foreigners, in a clear attempt to prevent singles and homosexual couples from accessing this type of process. The project has not yet been voted on, since the Duma, the Russian parliament, was dissolved in September for the new elections, which as always, Vladimir Putin's party has won, which suggests that more sooner than later, the law will be enacted. For this reason we have advised all our parents with a process in Russia, to change the nationality of the Russian surrogate, for another with different nationality, since the scope that the law may have in regard to surrogate is unknown. This has led to further delays since all parents have to change the surrogate.

We deeply regret the delay that this implies, to parents who have been impatiently waiting for a long time to fulfill their dream, but are events beyond the control of either party, imperatives that can always happen without possible anticipation. However, the company is taking the necessary measures to continue these processes with surrogate of another nationality, and we hope shortly to "unblock" this unfortunate situation beyond our control.

We ratify our most absolute commitment to these parents, who will see their dream come true as we have done with 100% of our father for more than 10 years. No one expected such a terrible pandemic, or such an aggressive legislative change. For this reason, we advise against initiating proceedings in Russia, until it is known whether the law is enacted or not.

This event does not affect the rest of the programs in UKRAINE, GEORGIA ALBANIA, GREECE or the UNITED STATES, which have not closed their borders, and which operate normally.

If you want to know the evolution of the presentation of the law, you can do so on the following page, and requesting the automatic translation from google:

Situation of surrogacy in Russia

Surrogacy Agency Russia

Russia is a country where surrogacy is regulated on a commercial basis. According to their legislation, it is allowed to carry out processes of surrogate mother both for heterosexual couples, married or not, and for single women.

Although Russian law does not say that single men can carry out legal proceedings of surrogacy in Russia , the jurisprudence of the Russian Constitutional Court has for many years granted the right to single parents to register their children born by surrogate motherhood in Russia , so they are registered in a peaceful way.

One of the main advantages that this country offers us are its prices, much cheaper than the United States. The geographical proximity also makes many couples choose this destination when carrying out a surrogacy process in Russia.

Surrogacy in russia

Surrogacy in Russia, an alternative to Ukraine.

The new attitude of the Spanish Government, denied the registration of minors born by surrogacy in Ukraine and Georgia, where the local government issues a birth certificate in the name of the two Spanish parents (our legislation does not recognize the Spanish parents because according to our legal system "mother is the one who gives birth").

It has made Russia a recurring destination. And this is because unlike in Ukraine or Georgia, where the intending parents are reflected in the birth certificate, in Russia it is set to the intending father and the surrogate mother, so the birth certificate reflects reality, and therefore the refusal of registration is not upheld.

The surrogacy in Russia is the great unknown even though it is a country who has been carrying out surrogacy processes for more than 15 years. Russian law allows gestation processes by substitution to:

Married Heterosexual Couples
Unmarried Heterosexual Couples
Single women (therefore does not mention single men). *
See point 1 Law in Russia on pregnancy surrogate

Surrogacy programs in Russia are carried out in the city of Kaliningrad. Kaliningrad is a Russian enclave, located outside the territory of Russia, following the dismemberment of the Soviet Union. It is a modern European city.

There are programs that include UNLIMITED embryo implantations, and other programs that offer a implantation. However, if these implantations were exhausted, the surrogate mother would not have stayed pregnant, the program continues, and the new transfer must be paid.

In Russia, the child is given a birth certificate on which both intending parents are listed As parents. However, the Spanish consular authorities do not accept this departure, because in our country, (as it happens in France or Italy) the civil code contemplates that "mother is the one who gives birth" for what the surrogate mother is considered the mother of the child. However, since the biological father is the intending father, the child is registered in his name, with the surrogate renouncing, according to the legislation of Russia, to the child. The child therefore travels to his country of origin as a citizen of that country (Spain, Italy, France etc ...), and subsequently the intending mother must adopt the child. The advisory service for the adoption process (which does not require a lawyer or solicitor, and which is requested before the family of your city), is included in our services.

Russia allows surrogacy programs to single mothers, and couples who cannot contribute their own genetic material. However, this type of program clashes with the legislation in the countries of origin, so if this is your situation, we advise you to speak with one of our family counselors, who will inform you of the procedure to follow in these cases.

Surrogacy in Russia

1. Law on surrogacy in Russia

The legal aspects of surrogacy in Russia are governed by the Family Code of the Russian Federation 57 and the Federal Law on Health (Federal Law on the Basis of Protection of the Health of Citizens, no. 323-FZ) approved in November 2011, in in force since January 1, 2012, which repeals the 1993 law.

The medical issues of the The legal aspects of surrogacy in Russia are regulated by Order no. 67 of the Ministry of Public Health of the Federation of Russia “On the application of assisted reproductive techniques in the treatment of female and male infertility”, of February 26, 2003. In Russia, the candidates for being surrogate mothers are women who have voluntarily consented to participate in said program and meet the following requirements: being between 20 and 35 years old; having a healthy child of their own; having good mental and physical health. The only surrogacy type allowed is the gestational one.

* However, the regulation of surrogacy in Russia has suffered a process of flexibilization: although initially the paremts had to be a married couple, as it is provided for in art. 51 paragraph 4.2 of the Family Code, art. 16 paragraph 5 of the Federal Law on Civil Status Registration Acts of 1997 and the Law for the Citizen Health Protection, no. 5487-I of 1993, in all cases presented before the courts that are known, the Courts have forced the organs of the Civil Registry to register children born through surrogacy in favor of singles or unmarried couples, and this has recently been admitted by the new Federal Health Law (Federal Law on the Bases of the Protection of the Health of the Citizens, no. 323-FZ), approved in November 2011, effective as of January 1, 2012, which repeals that of 1993.

Surrogacy in Russia

2. Surrogacy registration in Russia

In a surrogacy process in Russia once the birth has occurred, the Intentional parents must register the baby in the Russian civil registry, for this, they must provide a birth certificate issued by the clinic. Since in Russia the surrogate motherhood is allowed, in said certificate both the father and the mother of intention, without the surrogate mother, have to appear, in order to be able to register said birth certificate in the Russian civil registry, we must provide the resignation document that the surrogate mother signed.

Only in the case of single men, does the surrogate mother appear on the birth certificate, if she agrees that she has lost her rights over the minor.

Surrogacy in Russia

3. Type of surrogacy in Russia

As in most countries, surrogacy in Russia is Gestational or total, in which the surrogate mother does not provide genetic material, prohibited in Most of the countries that offer surrogacy programs.

The genetic material is either provided by the intended parents or through a donor. When we turn to a donor, this can only be eggs, because lacking this country of judicial sentence, paternity is determined by filiation, and the father must prove the biological relationship with the baby. The donor can be anonymous or chosen.

Donors are usually women between 18 and 26 years old, healthy, so they undergo a strict medical control, which guarantees your health.

Surrogacy in Russia

4. Affiliation in Russia

The requirements of current legislation to carry out a process of surrogacy in Russia are the following:

Be a heterosexual married couple (married or not), single female, or single male (for jurisprudence).

Surrogacy in Russia

5. How much does surrogacy cost in Russia

In Russia the price of a surrogacy starts from 57,700. The The price of surrogacy in Russia also varies depending on the difficulty of administrative management.

Advantages and Disadvantages of a surrogacy in Russia

Married couples and singles. Singles will not be explicitly recognized in the law but they are not prohibited either. So they can carry out surrogacy in Russia due to extensive jurisprudence that allows the registration of children born by surrogacy for single males.
surrogacy programs in Russia with number of Unlimited embryo transfers and IVFs. At a fixed price, it gives the certainty of being parents.
Multiple insurances included in some of the surrogacy programs such as medical insurance for the surrogate mother, death insurance for the surrogate or donor, baby's death insurance with restart of the program, etc ... So that whatever happens, you come to fulfill your dream of being parents.
The cost of a surrogacy process is much smaller than in the USA. Most programs in Russia range between € 62,000 and € 80,000 in total.
Possibility of surrogacy program in Russia with selection of sex.
The surrogacy programs in Russia are carried out in the Kaliningrad city. Kaliningrad is a Russian enclave, located outside the territory of Russia, located between Poland, Lithuania and the Baltic Sea. It is the The most European, modern and well-connected Russian city.
Greater proximity: 4 and a half hours of flight.
In the surrogacy process in Russia you do not obtain a sentence but a birth certificate for this surrogacy with the Apostille of the Hague. The child will come in the name of the father, the mother will have to adopt the child, once in her country.
Clinics for surrogacy in Russia , have worse pregnancy success rates than other countries. Our programs are carried out in our clinic in KIEV (Ukraine), where first-time pregnancy success rates are much higher higher than in RUSSIA.

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